The Zambia Sanitation & Hygiene Programme (ZSHP) aims to reach 3.6 million people in rural areas with improved sanitation and hygiene practices, and covers 68 districts of the country. The £23 million DFID funded programme is implemented by UNICEF and the Government of the Republic of Zambia (GRZ). It started in 2011, and is due to finish in September this year.
In September last year, Aguaconsult was commissioned by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) to undertake a review of experiences in engaging the private sector in FSM services. The review focussed on cities where BMGF and DFID had funded such initiatives, which included Accra, Blantyre, Dakar, Durban, Freetown and Kampala.
Aguaconsult, in partnership with Maple Consult, is investigating local expenditure on sanitation and hygiene services in four districts in Ghana. The consultancy was commissioned by the Environmental Health and Sanitation Department (EHSD) with support from UNICEF Ghana. Goufrane Mansour (Aguaconsult, project manager), Robert Van Ess (Maple Consult, national WASH expert) and Didier Allély-Fermé (Aguaconsult associate, technical lead) reflect on some of the challenges involved and the emerging picture on public financing for sanitation.
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