Mapping water, sanitation, and sustainability tools
This working paper presents the results of a review of over 220 sustainability resources used in the WASH sector. The review identified 25 sustainability tools which have clear content and a methodology for understanding, measuring, or predicting sustainability. Altogether these tools have been applied 92 times in 52 countries. Most of the tools focus on the technical, institutional, and management areas that affect sustainability and collect data at the community level. The review identified a need for tools that: can be utilised across all project life-cycles and beyond, address issues that are specific to sanitation and hygiene, and focus explicitly on peri-urban or urban areas or that are flexible enough to be applied in these contexts as well as the rural context.More effort is required to make existing tools accessible and to encourage their scaled up application. There is also the need to look at a systematic validation of these tools in terms of their impact most are still in the relatively early stages of product development and application at scale. Most importantly, going forward there is the need to link these efforts (largely of development partners) to those of national governments and to make the outputs more accessible, relevant and actionable for permanent stakeholders, especially at local (government) level, which is where accountability for ensuring adequate WASH service provision lies.